Sunday, June 12, 2011

African Rain Forest

Tropical rain forest of Africa consists of nine African nation including Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya, Chad, Egypt, Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and in the Mozambique. Africa is most popular in the west because of their rain forest. Tropic areas are those areas which climate is warm to hot moist climate because of rain, especially mountain chains. The African  rain forest is enriched with its biodiversity.

African rain forest is about 20% of world’s total land covering an area of 3.6 million square kilometers of land in west, east and the central Africa. The area can be divided by 74% land in the central Africa, 19% land in the west Africa, 7% land in the east Africa. Semi rain forest of western Africa includes an area covering Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria and Cameroon. Swamp and flooded forest includes in the Congo Basin in which many areas of them have been cleared recently because of ice farming. African rain forest is enriched with flora and fauna.

Here about 9000 species of plant and 400 species of orchids have been found. If we consider about fauna  here about 500 species of mammals, 95 species of reptiles, 1500 species of birds, 200000 species of insects have been found. Elephant, Zebra, Hippopotamus, Lion, Giraffe, Cheetah , Jaguar, Hyena, Deer, wild cow, wild dogs, crocodiles, different species of snakes including Black Mamba, Anaconda, Boa constricts, Cobra etc have been found. Top canopy monkey species, the red Columbus, and others species of animals already have been disappeared from much of  the Tropical Africa's forest.

Due to industrialization many of the African forest area have been disappeared. If the deforestation and industrialization go on at this rate it would lead to killing of animal species. This rain forest has been developed the Social-economic condition of the African nations. Steps should be taken seriously to save this forest. Otherwise it will effect global warming that lead to flood one third area of the land of the world. This result will be very severe for all of us. Already the global climate have been changed due to global warming. Already many of the forest area have been turned into desert. As a result it will damage the world’s ecosystem.   

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